Carex hitchcockiana and other woodland plants

It’s a rare occasion when I see such a diverse native woodland assemblage, not grazed by cattle, or overrun with weeds and brush.  I encountered them on a steep ridge and valley in Grant County, Wisconsin.

American gromwell (Lithospermum latifolium)

Carex hitchcockiana

heart leaved skullcap (Scutellaria ovata)

Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)

Carex aquatilis

Sedge of usually wet, flooded sedge meadows, one that is easily confused with the more familiar tussock sedge, C. stricta.  Aquatilis usually has a long bract that EXCEEDS the inflorescence.  Its leaves often have a bluish-green cast, and are fairly wide compared to C. stricta.  Happy sedgeing!